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Taking Pregnancy Seriously in Metaphysics II: Identity and Persistence

“Taking Pregnancy Seriously in Metaphysics II: Identity and Persistence”
http://www.southampton.ac.uk/philosophy/news/events/2015/09/18-identity-and-persistence.page
18 September, University of Southampton, UK.

SPEAKERS & TITLES
Lynne Baker (Amherst): ‘A Puzzle about Pregnancy: first there is one person, then there are two.’
Ellen Clarke (Oxford): ‘Reproduction and Evolution’
Elselijn Kingma (Southampton): ‘Budding Humans? Pregnancy & Identity’
Steinvor Arnadottir (Stirling): ‘On the Metaphysical Implications of the Part-Whole View.

DESCRIPTION
Although philosophers have explored metaphysical questions related to pregnancy – most obviously abortion and the metaphysical status of the fetus – little philosophical attention has been paid to pregnancy itself. That is a remarkable omission because pregnancy raises important philosophical problems in metaphysics, ethics and epistemology: should the foetus be regarded as part of or ‘merely surrounded by’ the mother? If persons can be parts of other persons, what does this imply for bodily ownership and personal and numerical identity? What special rights and duties does the unique status of pregnancy bestow? Does the radically transformative character of pregnancy mean that those who have never been pregnant are excluded from certain kinds of knowledge about pregnancy and its consequences? This workshop explores the implications of pregnancy for personal identity and personal ontology.
This workshop is one of a series of four in the project Taking Pregnancy Seriously in Metaphysics, Ethics & Epistemology, funded by the Southampton Ethics Centre and the University of Southampton ‘Adventures in Research’ Scheme, with added support from the British Society for Philosophy of Science and the Aristotelian Society. It is preceded by another workshops on Metaphysics, on ‘the foetus and the maternal organism’ on the 21st of Julyhttp://www.southampton.ac.uk/philosophy/news/events/2015/07/21-the-foetus-and-the-maternal-organism.page?, and, prior to that, two workshops on Ethics and Epistemology on the 18th of June 2014 and the 13th of April 2015. http://www.southampton.ac.uk/philosophy/research/projects/taking-pregnancy-seriously.page#events

REGISTRATION
Registration is free of charge, and will include tea/coffee/refreshments. Delegates must provide/ pay for their own meals; there is an option to sign up for a buffet lunch (cost: GBP 8.50) when registering via the online store:http://go.soton.ac.uk/6go
Please register by September 10th. If you would like to attend but childcare duties render your attendance difficult, please contact the organisers (as far in advance as possible).

MORE INFORMATION
For more information, program, accessibility information & registration: http://www.southampton.ac.uk/philosophy/news/events/2015/09/18-identity-and-persistence.page

Call for Papers: JECP Special Issue on Philosophy of Medicine

Submission deadline: Friday, 29th January 2016

The Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice (JECP) is calling for submissions in any area of the philosophy of medicine and health care for a special edition to be published in 2016.

The philosophy of medicine has grown as an area of research to  encompass questions about evidence, values (and the relationship between them), clinical judgment, health policy, public health, and preventive medicine.

We particularly welcome work that examines the implications of developments in computer-aided medical practice, including the impact of algorithmic approaches to clinical reasoning, as well as the philosophical dimensions of the “hollowing out” phenomenon of cognition, whereby some are arguing that computers will be replacing much of the factual and reasoning dimensions of clinical care and robotics increasingly displacing surgical skills.

We also welcome responses to papers published in previous thematic editions (16:2, 17:5, 18:5, 19:3, 20:6. 21:3), in line with the ethos of encouraging on-going critical debate that has generated so many enlightening exchanges in the pages of the journal. But we are just as keen to receive contributions in entirely new areas of this expanding field, representing excellent examples of the application of philosophy to questions of substantive import in medicine and healthcare.

The JECP is an international health sciences journal (Impact Factor 1.52) that focuses on the evaluation and development of clinical practice in medicine, nursing and the allied health professions.  It has a large and diverse readership including practitioners and academics from a vast range of areas, and a twenty-year tradition of publishing papers raising epistemological, metaphysical and ethical issues underlying clinical policy and practice.  Since 2010, its annual special issues in the philosophy of medicine have stimulated debate on numerous topics, via a combination of original papers, commissioned responses and conference reports. Themes covered have included the nature of causation and explanation in medicine, causal inference, epidemiology, values-based practice, evidence-based medicine, person-centred care, psychiatric diagnosis and practice, medical phenomenology, narrative explanation, casuistry, probabilistic and clinical reasoning, as well as fundamental debates in medical epistemology.

Manuscripts can be submitted online using the link http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/jecp – please mark the submissions clearly with the words “Philosophy thematic issue”.

The deadline for submission of manuscripts is Friday, 29th January 2016.  Original papers are usually no more than 5000 words in length, and detailed author guidelines are available at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111/(ISSN)1365-2753/homepage/ForAuthors.html

Informal enquiries: please contact Jonathan Fuller (jonathan.fuller@mail.utoronto.ca).

2015 Philosophy of Medicine Roundtable

6th Philosophy of Medicine Roundtable Understanding Disease and Illness

August 11-12, 2015
University of Bristol

Keynote speakers: Rachel Cooper (Lancaster) and Trish Greenhalgh (Oxford).

We will endeavour to enable access to all. Please let the conference administrator, Ms Jess Farr-Cox (epjpd@bristol.ac.uk) know if you have any access requirements.

For more information, full program, and to register:
http://www.lifeofbreath.org/conference-august-2015.php

Enquiries should be directed to the conference administrator, Jess Farr-Cox (epjpd@bristol.ac.uk).

Scientific committee: Rachel Ankeny, Alexander Bird, Alex Broadbent, Havi Carel, Fred Gifford, Harold Kincaid, Miriam Solomon, Julian Reiss, Jeremy Simon, David Teira.

This roundtable is supported by the Wellcome Trust, as part of the Life of Breath project (www.lifeofbreath.org).

Duhem lectures on philosophy of medicine

Conférences Duhem 2015

Conférences
Duhem 2015 La SPS a le plaisir de vous convier aux prochaines conférences Duhem, organisées en partenariat avec l’Académie nationale de médecine.

Thème : philosophie de la médecine
Date : 10 juin 2015
Lieu : Académie nationale de médecine, 16 Rue Bonaparte, 75006 Paris, Salle des séances

Orateurs invités :
– Paul Thagard (philosophie)
– Joël Coste (histoire et épistémologie de la médecine)
– Laurence Zitvogel (médecine)
– Marina Cavazzana-Calvo (médecine)

Programme détaillé :

9:00 Assemblée générale de la SPS
9:30 : Accueil
9:40 : Allocution de la Présidente de la SPS
9:50 : Allocution de Raymond Ardaillou, Secrétaire perpétuel honoraire de l’Académie

10:00 : Laurence Zitvogel (Inserm U1015, Institut Gustave Roussy), “Immuno-Oncologie ou La révolution thérapeutique en cancérologie”
10:45 : Commentaire, par Thomas Pradeu
11:00 : Question

11h15 : Pause café

11:30 : Joël Coste (Université Paris Descartes, Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes) “Les maladies chroniques en médecine”
12:15 : Commentaire, par David Teira
12:30 : Questions

12:45-14:15 : Déjeuner

14:15 : Marina Cavazzana (INSERM) “Thérapie génique des maladies héréditaires
15:00 : Commentaire, par Marie Darrason
15:15 : Questions

15:30 : Pause café

15:45 : Paul Thagard (University of Waterloo) “Explaining Mental Illness”
16:30 : Commentaire, par Luc Faucher (en cas d’indisponibilité : M. Lemoine)
16:45 : Questions

17:00 : Conclusion

Conference: Bioethics and the Philosophy of Medicine

A conference on Bioethics and the Philosophy of Medicine is to be held in the University at Buffalo, NY, on July 30 – August 1, 2015 .
The conference is centered on four presentations by Christopher Boorse and Jerome Wakefield, in which each criticizes the other’s work. Full details are available here.
For more information, email: dh25@buffalo.edu

CONF: Evidence Live

Evidence Live (www.evidencelive.org) is an international conference aimed at addressing and attempting to solve problems within EBM, and is also a forum for criticisms of EBM.  Philosophers of medicine interested in attending (and participating in) this conference are welcome.  Through the efforts of Jeremy Howick, the International Philosophy of Medicine Roundtable has become an associate member of the Evidence Life conference.  This enables members of the International Philosophy of Medicine Roundtable to register for this rather expensive conference at special rates, opportunities available are:

  • Individual full access at full rate– £365 (Saving £160) this offer closes 06/04/2015
  • Individual full access Monday only  – £195 (Saving £80)
    Individual full access Tuesday only   – £175 (Saving £75)

If you are interested in registering for this conference, and would like to know more please contact Ruth Davis(ruth.davis@phc.ox.ac.uk) letting her know that you are a member of the International Philosophy of Medicine Roundtable.

Workshop: Prediction in Epidemiology and Healthcare

Co-Sponsored by the British Society for the Philosophy of Science and the Centre for the Humanities and Health, King’s College London

20 June 2014, 9:00am – 5:15 pm, King’s College London

Speakers

Luis Flores (King’s) and Jonathan Fuller (Toronto) – “The Risk GP Model: The Standard Approach to Prediction in Healthcare”

Alex Broadbent (Johannesburg) – “Is Stability a Stable Category in Medical Epistemology?”

Maël Lemoine (Tours) – “Prediction from Preclinical Studies. The Tragic Case of TGN1412”

Barbara Osimani (Camerino) – “Safety Signals and Causal Information in Pharmacology: Evidence for Harm Prediction from Phase 0 to 4”

Federica Russo (Ferrara) – “The Integration of Social and Biological Mechanisms for Healthcare Prediction and Intervention”

Elselijn Kingma (Southampton) – TBA

Jacob Stegenga (Utah) – “Measuring Effectiveness”

Jeremy Howick (Oxford) – “Using Grünbaum’s Definition of Placebos to Improve the Predictive Power of Placebo Controlled Trials”

About the Workshop

Predicting what will happen is a central concern in epidemiology, health policy, public health, and clinical practice. Predictions are made about prognosis, about the benefits and harms of interventions and other exposures, about populations, and about individuals. The theme of prediction is also of growing interest in the philosophy of medicine, and includes topics such as: measuring the effectiveness of interventions; extrapolating from clinical research studies; applying average results to individuals; the use of mechanisms, causal models or animal models to predict; probabilities and predictions. The principle aim of this workshop is to bring together scholars working on various projects on prediction in order to further develop this important theme in the philosophy of medicine.

Registration for the workshop is free but mandatory. Space will be limited. For questions or to register contact Jonathan Fuller (jonathan.fuller@mail.utoronto.ca).

Organizers: Jonathan Fuller (jonathan.fuller@mail.utoronto.ca) and Luis Flores (ljflores@puc.cl)

2013 Roundtable Schedule

Wednesday 20 November

All sessions: P&S Building, 16th Floor, Room 16-405, 630 W. 168th St.

8:30-8:45 Registration and breakfast
8:45-9:00 Welcome (Jeremy Simon)
9:00-10:30 Session 1: Clinical Trials (Chair – Miriam Solomon)
Kirstin Borgerson An Argument for Fewer Clinical Trials
Sean Valles The “Lumping” vs. “Splitting” Problem in Studies of the Hispanic Paradox
Maya Goldenberg The Double Standard of Care in Multinational Clinical Trials
10:30-10:45 BREAK
10:45-12:15 Session 2: Evidence (Chair – Jonathan Fuller)
Chris Blunt The Myth of the Hierarchy of Evidence
Jennifer Bulcock  The Status of Mechanistic Evidence in Evidence-Based Medicine
Leah McClimans The Role of Measurement in Establishing Evidence-Based Medicine
12:15-1:30 LUNCH
1:30-2:45 Keynote Speaker: Rita Charon
2:45-3:00 BREAK 
3:00-5:00 Session 3: Facts, values and disease (Chair – Ramesh Prasad)
Susan Hawthorne Getting Facts and Values Right in Clinical Science: Examples from the Bariatric Surgery Literature
Helena Drage Making Sense of the Value of Health: Health as a Thick Concept
Hanna van Loo and Jan-Willem Romeijn Comorbidity in Psychiatry: Fact or Artifact
Rachel Ankeny Shifting Index Cases in Degenerative Neurological Disease: a Philosophical Analysis of Recent Research on Huntington’s Disease

Thursday 21 November

AM sessions: Russ Berrie Building, 1st Floor, Lecture Hall 2, 1150 St. Nicholas Avenue

PM sessions: P&S Building, 16th Floor, Room 16-405, 630 W. 168th St.

8:30-8:45 Registration and breakfast 
8:45-10:15 Keynote speaker: Ross Upshur 
10:15-11:45 Session 4: Medical explanation (Chair – Ashley Graham Kennedy)
Lauren Ross Explanations and Explanatory Models in Biomedicine
Tobias Huber Network Analysis and the Brain
Michael Cournoyea Suffering Unknown and Unknowable: Medically Unexplained Physical Symptoms as a Challenge to Medical Explanations
11:45-1:15 LUNCH
1:15-3:15 Session 5: Measurement, prediction and progress (Chair – Jeremy Howick)
Erik Angner Apgar Scores and Measurement in Philosophy and Medicine
Maël Lemoine What Does it Take to Naturalize a Mental Disorder?
Nina Atanasova Animal Predictions of Human Responses
William Goodwin Revolution and Progress in Medicine
3:15-3:30 BREAK
3:30-5:00 Session 6: Health (Chair – Alain Leplege)
Cristian Saborido, María González-Moreno and Juan Carlos Hernández Bringing the Philosophy of Biology and the Philosophy of Medicine Closer Together: Natural Normativity and the Theoretical Definition Of Health And Disease
Antoine C. Dussault and Anne-Marie Gagné An Account of Health as Homeostatic Maintenance of Design, and some Epistemological Remarks
Lydia du Bois Doing Away with Pathology: The Role of Context in Naturalistic Theories of Health

CFP: 5th Philosophy of Medicine Thematic: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice

MS Deadline: March 14, 2014

The role of philosophy in discussions of clinical practice was once regarded by many as restricted to a very limited version of ‘medical ethics’.  But in recent years there has been a resurgence of interest in the philosophy of medicine and health care as an intellectually serious and practically significant enterprise.  Controversies about evidence, value, clinical knowledge, judgment, integrity and ethics have required practitioners and policy-makers to confront the epistemic and moral basis of practice, while philosophers have found in these debates ways to invigorate and reframe the investigation of long-standing philosophical problems, about the nature of reasoning, science, knowledge and practice, and the relationships between epistemology and ethics, morality and politics.

The Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice is an international health sciences journal (Impact Factor 1.52) that focuses on the evaluation and development of clinical practice in medicine, nursing and the allied health professions.  It has a large and diverse readership including practitioners and academics from a vast range of areas, and a twenty-year tradition of publishing papers raising epistemological, metaphysical and ethical issues underlying clinical policy and practice.  April 2010 saw the publication of the first thematic issue of the journal devoted entirely to philosophical issues, and May 2013 saw the publication of the fourth of these ‘philosophy thematics’.  In the anniversary year of the journal, we are seeking contributions to a fifth thematic issue in philosophy.  Papers are particularly welcome on the following themes:

1.       Philosophy and clinical practice.  Aside from ethics, what role, if any, does philosophy have at the bedside?  Do discussions of ontology and metaphysics have any place in the education of practitioners?  Recent arguments about ‘Values-based Medicine’ have raised questions about the ‘foundation’ of medicine as a practice but what, if anything, is sui generis to medicine? Is the proper role of applied philosophy to discover the foundations of clinical practice, or is this idea based on a misconception of the proper scope and limits of philosophical questioning?

2.       The ‘particularist turn’ in thinking about health care.  Recent attention given to personalised and person-centred medicine represents a shift in focus from acquiring statistically reliable knowledge of a general nature to an interest in the complex and potentially unique features of real cases.  In bioethics, so-called moral particularists have forcefully challenged the dominance of traditional, principle-based normative theories, arguing that only the exercise of discernment on a case-by-case basis can do justice to the specific, morally relevant features of real cases. These developments are accompanied by a renewed interest in narrative explanation and casuistry – but does the focus on the particular represent a coherent and progressive development or a distraction from the need for universally applicable standards of efficient and effective health care?

However, we welcome papers that do not fit neatly into either of these themes, but represent excellent examples of the application of philosophy to questions of substantive import in medicine and healthcare.

Manuscripts can be submitted online at: http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/jecp – please mark the submissions clearly with the words “Philosophy thematic issue”.

The deadline for submission of manuscripts is 1st March 2014.  Original papers are usually no more than 5000 words in length, and detailed author guidelines are available at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111/(ISSN)1365-2753/homepage/ForAuthors.html

Inquiries: please contact Kirstin Borgerson (kirstin.borgerson@dal.ca) or Robyn Bluhm (rbluhm@odu.edu)

Workshop: Illness, Narrative and Phenomenology – 9 July 2013

Medical Humanities Cluster Workshop, 9 July 2013
University of Bristol
9.30-10:00 Coffee
10:00-11:00 Session 1
Anthony Lesser (University of Manchester), Can the progress of an illness be unconsciously controlled?
Karin Eli (University of Oxford), ‘The body remembers’: embodied reconciliations of disorder and recovery
11.00-12.00 Session 2
Victoria Bates (Exeter & Bristol), ‘This murderous maternal creature’: mothers and Münchausen Syndrome by proxy in American crime fiction
Michael Flexer (University of Leeds), Death of the memoirist: schizophrenia, semiotics and the illusion of illness narratives
12.00-1.00 Session 3 Ian James Kidd (University of Durham), Experiences of Illness and Narratives of Edification
Antonio Casado da Rocha (University of the Basque Country at San Sebastián), Narrative oncology and the modeling over time of clinical relationships in palliative care
1.00-2.00 Lunch
2.00-3.00 Session 4
Laura Salisbury (Birkbeck College, London), Aphasia: a language for illness from a confusion of tongues
John Foot (UCL & Bristol), Negated institutions? The anti-asylum movement in Italy, 1961-1972
3.00-3.30 Coffee
3.30-4.30 Session 5
Arianna Introna (University of Stirling) ‘Living in so comfortable a cell’: escaping the bare life of illness and disability in William Soutar’s Diaries of a Dying Man
Elizabeth Barry (University of Warwick), ‘I’ve been waiting for it all my life’: Samuel Beckett and the phenomenology of old age
5.00-6.15 Keynote Brian Hurwitz (King’s College, London), Sentiment and spectatorship in James Parkinson’s An Essay on the Shaking Palsy (1817)
6.15 Drinks & dinner
We thank the University of Bristol’s Faculty of Arts, Department of English and Institute for Advanced Studies for supporting the workshop.
Workshop venue: Verdon-Smith Room Institute for Advanced Studies Royal Fort House University of Bristol Bristol BS8 1UJ
The workshop is free but places are limited and registration is essential. Lunch and coffee will be provided. To register, please email both organisers, Dr Havi Carel (havi.carel@bristol.ac.uk) and Dr Ulrika Maude (ulrika.maude@bristol.ac.uk).
For maps and directions see http://www.bris.ac.uk/maps/