Archive by Author | jeremysimon2012

The epistemology of single cases: philosophical and medical issues

7 December 2018
University of Bologna
Aula Mondolfo, Via Zamboni 38, 3rd Floor

Program

10.00 Welcome and Opening address
Carlo Gentili (University of Bologna)
Raffaella Campaner (University of Bologna): “Why single cases matter: philosophical and medical insights”
Giovanna Cenacchi (University of Bologna): “Why an epistemology of single cases?”

Morning session: Single cases and rare diseases – Chair: Matteo Cerri (University of Bologna)

10.30-11.30 Laura Mazzanti and Maura Foresti (University of Bologna): “My particular phenotype: can we give it a name?”

11.30-12 Coffee Break

12-13 Corrado Angelini (San Camillo Hospital, IRCSS, Venezia): “Two brothers with X-linked Charcot Marie Tooth disease and different lifestyle: one a war pilot, the other disabled”

13-14 Lunch break

Afternoon session: Philosophical perspectives on single cases – Chair: Roberto Brigati (University of Bologna)

14-15 Margherita Benzi (University of Eastern Piedmont): “Causal reasoning about single cases”

15-16 Raphael Scholl (University of Cambridge): “One is the loneliest number: can single-case trials help in personalized medicine?”

16-16.30 Coffee Break

16.30-17.30 Jeremy Howick (University of Oxford): “Mechanism research or clinical observations generating medical discoveries? How fuzziness prevents the question from being answered”

17.30-18.30 General discussion and final remarks – Chair: Cristina Amoretti (University of Genova)

Organizers: Raffaella Campaner (raffaella.campaner@unibo.it) and Giovanna Cenacchi (giovanna.cenacchi@unibo.it)

Department of Philosophy and Communication Studies (FILCOM)
Department of Biomedical and Neuromotor Sciences (DIBINEM)
PhilHeaD, Research Center in Philosophy of Health and Disease

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8th International Philosophy of Medicine Roundtable June 20-21, 2019 University of Paris I Panthéon-Sorbonne

The next biennial Philosophy of Medicine Roundtable will be held at the University of Paris I Panthéon-Sorbonne on June 20-21, 2019 (call for abstracts below).

Philosophy of Medicine Roundtable: Call for Abstracts

We welcome papers in any area of philosophy of medicine, public health or healthcare, including epistemological and metaphysical issues in medicine (but not bioethics), from a variety of philosophical approaches. To submit an abstract, please upload a 500-word abstract to EasyChair by 1 February 2019. Abstracts will undergo blinded review and should not contain information that will allow identification of the author. The submission link is below:

https://easychair.org/conferences/?conf=philmed2019

Questions regarding submissions or the Roundtable should be directed to Maël Lemoine (mael.lemoine@u-bordeaux.fr) and Jeremy Simon (jeremy.simon@nyu.edu).

Local Organizers: Denis Forest, Maël Lemoine.

Scientific committee: Rachel Ankeny, Alexander Bird, Kirstin Borgerson, Alex Broadbent, Havi Carel, Jonathan Fuller, Fred Gifford, Harold Kincaid, Miriam Solomon, Julian Reiss, Jeremy Simon, David Teira.

Phenomenology of Medicine and Bioethics at Södertörn University 13-15 June 2018

The rapid development of medical technologies forces us to continually re-evaluate our understanding of health and human nature. Reproductive technologies, genetic diagnosis, organ transplantation, stem cells, psychopharmacological drugs, and other diagnostic and therapeutic technologies, raise existential questions that, arguably, cannot be adequately understood without reference to the rich and complex ontology of human personhood. Persons are not only bodily creatures, but also social and cultural beings. Many well-known scholars of the continental tradition, which includes phenomenology, existentialism, hermeneutics, and post-structuralism, investigate the ways in which nature and culture are intertwined in human life. Though this tradition would appear to be an ideal spring board for rich and illuminating analyses of medical-ethical dilemmas, phenomenology and continental philosophy are rather under-represented in bioethical debates and research.

This conference intends to bring together phenomenologists working with issues in medicine that are, directly or indirectly, tied to medical ethics. Phenomenology is often put in contact with bioethics via philosophy of medicine and medical humanities, and accordingly, relevant conference themes might include: the nature and essence of medical technologies, the clinical encounter, illness, pain, disability, pregnancy, giving birth and dying. Moreover, there is room for dialogue with already established approaches in bioethics, such as caring ethics, feminist ethics, biopolitics and narrative ethics. Ultimately, what is essential from the point of view of the conference is not the label of phenomenology as such, but rather to gather philosophical and ethical analyses that adopt the phenomenological imperative to return to lived experience in a reflective manner. We welcome contributions that make use of phenomenological philosophy in this broad sense as a means to engage with contemporary ethical questions and dilemmas in contemporary medicine.

Keynote speakers:
Ignaas Devisch, University of Ghent
Michael Hauskeller, University of Exeter
Erik Parens, The Hastings Center, New York
Jenny Slatman, Tilburg University
Kristin Zeiler, University of Linköping

Phenomenology of Medicine and Bioethics

Call for abstracts
Conference: Phenomenology of Medicine and Bioethics
Arranged by the Centre for Studies in Practical Knowledge, Södertörn University, Stockholm,
13-15 of June, 2018.

The rapid development of medical technologies forces us to continually re-evaluate our understanding of health and human nature. Reproductive technologies, genetic diagnosis, organ transplantation, stem cells, psychopharmacological drugs, and other diagnostic and therapeutic technologies, raise existential questions that, arguably, cannot be adequately understood without reference to the rich and complex ontology of human personhood. Persons are not only bodily creatures, but also social and cultural beings. Many well-known scholars of the continental tradition, which includes phenomenology, existentialism, hermeneutics, and post-structuralism, investigate the ways in which nature and culture are intertwined in human life. Though this tradition would appear to be an ideal spring board for rich and illuminating analyses of medical-ethical dilemmas, phenomenology and continental philosophy are rather under-represented in bioethical debates and research.

This conference intends to bring together phenomenologists working with issues in medicine that are, directly or indirectly, tied to medical ethics. Phenomenology is often put in contact with bioethics via philosophy of medicine and medical humanities, and accordingly, relevant conference themes might include: the nature and essence of medical technologies, the clinical encounter, illness, pain, disability, pregnancy, giving birth and dying. Moreover, there is room for dialogue with already established approaches in bioethics, such as caring ethics, feminist ethics, biopolitics and narrative ethics. Ultimately, what is essential from the point of view of the conference is not the label of phenomenology as such, but rather to gather philosophical and ethical analyses that adopt the phenomenological imperative to return to lived experience in a reflective manner. We welcome contributions that make use of phenomenological philosophy in this broad sense as a means to engage with contemporary ethical questions and dilemmas in contemporary medicine.

Abstracts of maximum 300 words should be sent to conference secretary: patrick.seniuk@sh.se before 1 of January 2018.
Questions about the conference can also be sent to: fredrik.svenaeus@sh.se

Keynote speakers:
Ignaas Devisch, University of Ghent
Michael Hauskeller, University of Exeter
Erik Parens, The Hastings Center, New York
Jenny Slatman, Tilburg University
Kristin Zeiler, University of Linköping

Issues in Medical Epistemology

Issues in Medical Epistemology
December 14-16, 2017
University of Cologne, Germany

Description: Philosophizing about medicine is as old as philosophy and medicine themselves. Despite the long tradition of inquiry and speculation, medical epistemology was until recently not often recognized as an area of research in its own right. In recent years, however, the situation has changed markedly, and an increasing number of philosophers now count themselves as specialists in or active contributors to medical epistemology. Medical epistemology is now well on its way to taking form as a distinct and promising area of research, with a recognized set of problematics and theories.

Keynote speakers:
Robyn Bluhm (Michigan)
Bennett Holman (Yonsei)
Barbara Osimani (Munich)
Matthew Ratcliffe (Vienna)

Organizers: Sven Bernecker, Humboldt Professor of Philosophy, University of Cologne, s.bernecker@uni-koeln.de and Dirk Koppelberg, Free University of Berlin, dirkkoppelberg@aol.com

Topoi Special Issue: “Foundations of Clinical Reasoning: An Epistemological Stance”

Call For Papers
Topoi: An International Review of Philosophy
Special Issue: “Foundations of Clinical Reasoning: An Epistemological Stance”

Guest Editors:
Mattia Andreoletti (Campus IFOM-IEO, Milan)
Paola Berchialla (University of Turin)
Giovanni Boniolo (University of Ferrara)
Daniele Chiffi (Tallinn University of Technology)
Overview:
Among the most discussed epistemological issues in clinical reasoning is the problem of the external validity. Considered as one of the most urgent, this problem arises from the fact that the results of the Randomized Controlled Trials (RCTs) are seldom applied to the whole reference population, which is identified with people needing a medical treatment.

Once verified that the results of an RCT are valid, we still have to explain how to apply these results to patients who did not take part in the experiment. As a matter of fact, several individuals who present particular features are excluded from the groups of patients selected for the experiment. Therefore, how can we justify the belief that a certain treatment has the same effect when applied to a different setting? Without a reasonable answer to this latter question, RCTs would prove less helpful, as they would only show the results related to a particular situation, without any guarantee that the same results could apply to other contexts. The possible advantages of a Bayesian perspective on RCTs will be explored.

Finally, even if a way to apply population-based knowledge to a specific case is acknowledged, in order to choose a suitable treatment for a patient, diagnostic and prognostic judgements are traditionally essential. Both diagnosis and prognosis always occur behind a veil of uncertainty, nonetheless they seem to convey different forms of uncertainty. The concept of diagnosis is, in fact, usually affected by the inductive risk of error, while prognosis seems more likely to be associated with fundamental uncertainty towards a future condition, which may be difficult to probabilistically compute.

Possible Topics include (but are not limited to):
– Logic and Epistemology of Clinical Reasoning
– External validity of RCTs
– Bayesian Forms of Clinical Reasoning
– Diagnosis and inductive risk of error
– Prognosis and severe uncertainty

Invited Contributors:
Ileana Baldi (University of Padua)
Margherita Benzi (University of Eastern Piedmont)
Pierdaniele Giaretta (University of Padua)
Sydney Katherine Green (University of Antwerp)
François Pellet (University of Münster)
Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen (Tallinn University of Technology)
Federica Russo (ILLC/University of Amsterdam)
Donald Stanley (Maine Medical Center, Portland Maine)

Submission guidelines:
Contributions must be original and not submitted elsewhere. Papers must be in English and should not exceed 8,000 words (references and footnotes included). Each submission should also include a separate title page containing contact details, a brief abstract and a list of keywords for indexing purposes. All papers will be subject to double-blind peer-review, following international standard practices. Manuscripts should be submitted exclusively through the Online Manuscript Submission System (Editorial Manager), accessible at http://www.editorialmanager.com/topo/. Please save your manuscript in one of the formats supported by the system (e.g., Word, WordPerfect, RTF, TXT, LATEX2e, TEX, Postscript, etc.), which does NOT include PDF. Make sure to select the appropriate article type for your submission by selecting: S.I. Foundations clinical reasoning (Andreoletti/Berchialla/Boniolo/Chiffi) as the appropriate tab from the scroll-down menu.

Deadline for submissions: August 31, 2017
For any further information please contact:
Mattia Andreoletti (mattia.andreoletti@ieo.eu); Paola Berchialla (paola.berchialla@unito.it); Giovanni Boniolo (giovanni.boniolo@unife.it); Daniele Chiffi (chiffidaniele@gmail.com)

7th International Philosophy of Medicine Roundtable, June 23-24, 2017 University of Toronto

Clinical Judgment:
Multidisciplinary Perspectives

June 22, 2017
University of Toronto

7th International Philosophy of Medicine Roundtable:
Medicine, Public Health and Healthcare

June 23-24, 2017
University of Toronto

You are warmly invited to attend the 7th International Philosophy of Medicine Roundtable at the University of Toronto, with the theme “Medicine, Public Health and Healthcare”. The Roundtable will include the Ruggles Lecture in the Philosophy of Medicine on June 23, followed by a reception to celebrate recent work in the philosophy of medicine.

Registration is also open for a symposium at the University of Toronto on the preceding day titled ‘Clinical Judgment: Multidisciplinary Perspectives’, featuring perspectives from philosophy, psychology, the humanities, medicine, and medical education research.

Registration for the Clinical Judgment Symposium and for the Philosophy of Medicine Roundtable, as well as information about both events and about accommodations can be found here: http://research.lunenfeld.ca/PhilOfMed/?page=Home

Attendees are encouraged to register and secure accommodation early as June 22-24 falls during Pride Week in Toronto, and accommodations will book up soon.

A list talks can be found below.

We hope to see you there!

Local Organizers: Jonathan Fuller, Benjamin Chin-Yee and Ross Upshur.

Philosophy of Medicine Roundtable Scientific Committee: Rachel Ankeny, Alexander Bird, Alex Broadbent, Havi Carel, Fred Gifford, Harold Kincaid, Miriam Solomon, Julian Reiss, Jeremy Simon, David Teira.

Clinical Judgment:
Multidisciplinary Perspectives
June 22, 2017

Talks/Panels:

Ross Upshur (University of Toronto) with Benjamin Chin-Yee (University of Toronto) – “Clinical Judgment: Surveying the Philosophical Landscape”

Benjamin Djulbegovic (University of South Florida) – “Rational Clinical Decision-Making: Implications for Overtreatment and Undertreatment”

Luis Flores (King’s College London) with Jonathan Fuller (University of Toronto) – “Clinical Judgment: The Bayesian Approach”

Peter Schwartz (Indiana University) – “Clinical Judgment about Disclosure: Should Patients be Told their Comparative Risk?”

Panel – “Evidence, Risk, and Reasoning”
Commentary by Mark Tonelli (University of Washington)
Discussants: Mark Tonelli (moderator), Ross Upshur, Benjamin Djulbegovic, Peter Schwartz and Luis Flores

Paul Thagard (University of Waterloo) – “The Logic and Psychology of Psychotherapeutic Assessment” (coauthor: Laurette Larocque)

Geoff Norman (McMaster University) – “The Role of Experience in Clinical Reasoning: A Psychological Perspective”

Maria Mylopoulos (University of Toronto) – “Adaptive Expertise: Perspectives and Application in Medical Education”

Kathryn Montgomery (Northwestern University) “Knowledge Needed to Treat: Clinical Judgment in a Scientific Field”

Panel – “Philosophy and Psychology of Clinical Judgment”
Commentary by Miriam Solomon (Temple University)
Discussants: Miriam Solomon (moderator), Paul Thagard, Maria Mylopoulos, Geoff Norman and Kathryn Montgomery

International Philosophy of Medicine Roundtable:
Medicine, Public Health and Healthcare
June 23-24, 2017

Ruggles Lecture in the Philosophy of Medicine
Maya Goldenberg (Guelph University), “Reframing the Problem of Vaccine Hesitancy”

Keynote, Philosophy of Medicine Roundtable
Paul Thagard (University of Waterloo), “Explaining Mental Illness”

Talks:

Alex Broadbent (University of Johannesburg), “What Are Doctors Good At?”

James Krueger (University of Redlands), “Treatment, Cure, and Care”

Jonathan Fuller (University of Toronto), “Medicine Lost in ‘Translation’: The Structure and Aim of Medical Science”

Sean Valles (Michigan State University), “Linking Individual Health and Population Health with a Life Course Concept of Health”

Lynette Reid (Dalhousie University), ““Modes of this Complex Form of Life”: Concepts and Inductive Kinds in Medicine”

Juliette Ferry (Université Paris-Sorbonne), “Toward a Dialogue Between Phenomenology of Medicine and Naturalism”

Margherita Benzi (University of Eastern Piedmont) and Mattia Andreoletti (European Institute of Oncology), “Assessing Causality of Adverse Events During Early-Phase Cancer Clinical Trials: A Philosophical Perspective”

Sarah Wieten (Durham University), “Putting Rigour Back into Pragmatic Trials” (coauthor: Donal Khosrowi (Durham University))

Mary Walker (Monash University), “Population-Level Evidence and Patient-Specific Medical Devices: Evaluating Interventions with Inherent Variation”

Mark Tonelli (University of Washington), “Epistemology of Precision Medicine” (coauthor: Brian Shirts (University of Washington))

Lindley Darden (University of Maryland, College Park), “Representing and Discovering Disease Mechanisms”

Samantha Copeland (NMBU), “Effectual and Mechanistic Reasoning in Medical Research: The Case of Deep Brain Stimulation”

Angela Coventry (Portland State University) and Bryan Cwik (Portland State University), “Locke’s Philosophy of Medicine”

Cecilia M. Calderón-Aguilar (UNAM), “The Place of Surgery in the Philosophy of Medicine” (coauthor: Arantza Etxeberria-Agiriano (UPV/EHU))

Laura Cupples (University of South Carolina), “Patient-Reported Outcome Measures, Conceptual Convergence, and Implications for Policy Making”

Saana Jukola (Bielefeld University), “On Contested Science and the Ideals for Evidence – The Case of Nutrition Research”

Anke Bueter (Leibniz Universität Hannover), “Sex, Drugs, and How to Deal with Criticism: The Case of Flibanserin” (coauthor: Saana Jukola (Bielefeld University))

Atocha Aliseda (UNAM), “Clinical Reasoning as an Integrative Task”

Abraham Schwab (IPFW), “Robust Epistemic Humility”

Elisabetta Lalumera (Università di Milano-Bicocca), “Over-Utilization of Diagnostic Imaging: Conceptual Issues”